TYPES OF THERAPY
use a variety of treatment
approaches, often tailoring their approach to satisfy their client’s
descriptions below are a few of the
general treatment modalities a person may encounter.
Not all clinicians provide all of these
involves client and
therapist in a one-to-one situation.
Individual therapy sessions are usually
scheduled for at least once a
week to begin and the frequency is extended as the client progresses. Sessions usually last 50
minutes, giving the
therapist the remainder of the hour to make notes which will aid in
therapy works best
for people who may not be comfortable in a group setting or whose
problems are not appropriate to group discussion. Frequently, clients
individual therapy and progress to a therapy group after the initial
the framework of individual therapy,
clinicians may use a variety of therapeutic techniques or interventions. These depend upon the
unique issues of the
individual being treated. It
the scope of this document to describe the many treatment techniques
is effective for
marriage or divorce counseling, relationship difficulties, or
counseling. Each person has the opportunity to express his/her feelings
point of view, with the therapist acting as a neutral sounding board
conflicts and complaints. Couples therapy strives to identify the
distressing the relationship and helps the couple develop communication
and conflict resolution techniques for enhancing the relationship. Again, there are many
treatment techniques or
interventions a therapist may use in couples therapy.
works not only with
the problems confronting husband and wife, but also with the
between parents and children, and even extended family members. Family
counseling allows interaction among family members in a safe setting
can express their feelings and explore family roles without fear of
punishment. There are varying styles of family therapy.
Some therapists may practice several methods
while others may specialize in only one.
offers a forum for
increasing interpersonal skills, learning to build a support network,
resolving individual emotional problems. Group members share feelings,
and problems with one another as well as the therapist.
Interactions with other group members often
help individuals become aware of unproductive behavior patterns. Some
groups are oriented around a specific problem or may focus on certain
such as divorce separation groups; single gender groups; groups for
weight loss groups. Group sessions last from 1 to 3 hours and may meet
biweekly, or monthly.
TYPES OF TREATING PROFESSIONALS
may obtain their training in
a number of professional disciplines.
Those described below are some of the more
commonly found treating
may have a Doctorate or Master Degree in
clinical or counseling psychology, or in education with an emphasis in
Psychology. Training usually includes 2–4 years of graduate course work
(depending on the program), a dissertation, and a year of postgraduate
supervised experience and a written exam for licensure.
(MSW or MSSW) have
completed 2 years of academic work plus a thesis project and supervised
clinical experience. ACSWs
completed 2 years of supervised postgraduate clinical experience and
written national examination. Licensed
Social Workers have passed the state licensure board requirements for
and experience, as well as a competency examination.
& FAMILY THERAPISTS
have a Doctorate or Masters degree in Marriage & Family Therapy
mental health field, with specialized training and supervision in
family therapy. Clinical Members of AAMFT (American Association of
& Family Therapy) have an additional 2 years of postgraduate
have a Doctorate or
Master Degree in counseling or related mental health field and are
some states. Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselors (CCMHC) have
3,000 hours of supervised clinical work and passed national written and
may be any mental health professional (but
are frequently Psychiatrists) who have completed postgraduate training
in the psychoanalytic
style of therapy. Psychoanalysis
lengthy treatment process, and sessions are often frequent. These professionals are
found less frequently
with the arrival of managed care and restrictions on the number and
of treatment sessions.
are physicians (MD or DO) who have completed
a 3 year psychiatric residency following medical school. People
confuse professionals with Doctorate degrees with Medical Doctors.
Psychiatrists, being Medical Doctors can prescribe medication. Psychologists cannot
even though they may have a Doctoral degree.
Also, not all Psychiatrists provide counseling
and therapy. These
are important consideration when
selecting either a Psychologist or Psychiatrist.
Some people choose to go to Psychologists for
therapy sessions and a Psychiatrist for medications.